What Are Multilateral Environmental Agreement System

In 2002, the EAC Heads of State and Government Summit decided that regional and multilateral issues should be negotiated in bulk. The draft framework for joint participation and implementation of regional and multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) has been finalised. The objective of this framework is to guide EAC partner countries in the implementation of various multilateral environmental agreements to which partner states belong. The main international instruments that enable countries to cooperate on a wide range of global environmental challenges are international conventions and treaties on the environment and natural resources, also known as multilateral environmental agreements (EAs). Global political systems, differences and conflicts are obstacles to the development of environmental protocols. First, maintaining sovereignty means that no country can be forced to participate, but is simply invited to participate. Therefore, as French says, “international law has the force of moral evocation, but few real teeth.” [9] Second, the North-South conflict can block cooperation and provoke conflict. The countries of the world`s South, considered the poor, generally regard the countries of the North, the rich, as the need to take responsibility for environmental degradation and to effect significant changes in their way of life, both of which the North considers reasonable. The South maintains that the North already had the opportunity to develop and to have already been heavily polluted during its industrial development.

Contracts are self-organized into a system that interweaves with complex topology. Finally, countries may not be motivated to change their environmental policy because of conflicts with other interests, including economic prosperity. If environmental protocols cause economic hardship or damage to one country, it may escape protocols, while other countries comply with them, resulting in a classic problem of parasitism. In addition, environmental protocols can be criticized for scientific uncertainty or, at the very least, for a lack of synthesis of scientific information that can be used for “conflicting interests and disaster”. [5] This can now be seen as an excuse defined as skepticism about climate change. Dynamic network structure mapped 747 environmental contracts with 1001 citations. An international environmental agreement, or sometimes an environmental protocol, is a kind of treaty of international law that allows them to achieve an environmental objective. In other words, it is an “intergovernmental document that is designed as legally binding and is primarily aimed at preventing or managing the human impact on natural resources.” [1] Global environmental problems that AMEs are expected to address include: loss of biodiversity, adverse effects of climate change, depletion of the ozone layer, hazardous waste, organic pollutants, marine pollution, trafficking in endangered species, destruction of wetlands, etc.

Comments are closed.